Cassava farming in Nigeria: How to start and succeed
Are you hoping to start your own business and still haven’t decided which field to choose? Have you ever tried cassava farming? It’s time to try and see how profitable it can be! Cassava business plan is HERE.
Simple business ideas for cassava farming in Nigeria
The production of cassava in Nigeria is to a great degree straightforward. The plant is to be placed in trays loaded with soil, then you stick the cuttings or stems of the plant in it. Within six months of propagation, they will grow and turn into pretty big bushes. At the point when the leaves on the bushes begin to turn yellow, this simply implies that the harvest is ripe. You can dig bulbs from the soil for eating or selling.
Caring for cassava is not stressful, the plants just should be watered every once in a while. Cassava harvest can reach up to 50 tons per one hectare. The cost of root crops in Europe is about 3 dollars per kilograms. Notwithstanding cassava tubers, cassava green leaves can be consumed as spices.
Main required conditions for cassava farming:
- Air temperature – not less than +25 — +30 °C;
- Absence of long drought period;
- Abundance of Sunny days;
- Warm weather;
- Loose soil;
- Good drainage;
- Flat or gently sloping land.
Reasons to start growing cassava
The root framework or system is represented by a long thick root which measures a length of 1 m and diameter of 8-10 cm. The core or center of the tuber is rich in starch (20-40% of its weight). After cassava heat treatment or drying, it is completely safe and has the following effect on the body:
- Enhances immunity;
- Has an anti-inflammatory effect;
- Normalizes blood sugar level;
- Removes excess cholesterol from the body;
- Strengthens bones;
- Prevents Alzheimer’s disease and other CNS diseases;
- Normalizes blood pressure and heart function;
- Slows down the aging process.
Cassava farming business in Nigeria
Preparation of planting specimen
- Cassava is propagated only vegetatively;
- You should use cuttings harvested from the middle part of well-developed stems, aged 6-12 months;
- 15-20 cm cuttings are stored in a cool place for 2-3 months;
The position of the cutting when planting doesn’t play any role (vertical, inclined, horizontal). Main requirement: at least half of the cutting should be in the soil. If you choose horizontal planting, the cutting should be covered with 8-10 cm layer of soil. Otherwise, the planting material will become dry. If it has sufficient moisture, the cutting quickly forms adventitious shoots and tubers.
Cassava is extremely easy to grow. Starting from autumn, soil ought to be enhanced with humus and herbicides (4.5 liters per hectare is recommended). The best way to plant cassava in open and protected soil, is on ridges which measures a width of 40 cm and a height ranging from 40-60 cm in 1row. The purpose is to help create a desired porosity of the soil and encourages plants care.
The preparation for cassava harvest is determined by the following factors:
CASSAVA FARMING AND PROCESSING
- Yellowing of leaves
- Falling of leaves
- Ripening of seeds.
In an event that you gather excessively immature tubers, they will be very tough. The first thing you need to do is to cut down the stems of plants, leaving about 30-40 cm of the plant. Use the cut down stems for making cuttings. In 2-3 days they should be planted in a prepared soil. After cutting the stems, underground cassava tubers are to be pulled out completely. You may sell cassava raw material or already processed cassava.