Starting a Chicken Poultry Farm in Nigeria

Poultry are farmed in great numbers with chickens being the most numerous and the king of the poultry business in Nigeria. More than 50 billion chickens are developed, annually, as a source of food, for both their meat and their eggs.  Chickens raised for eggs are usually called layers while chickens raised for meat are often called broilers.

Although poultry farming is commonly practiced in Nigeria, there is still an insufficiency in the supply of birds because we have not been able to meet the high consumption demand of birds which are needed to close up on the prevalent protein deficiency gap in Nigeria. More than half of the birds we consume daily are still being imported/smuggled from other countries.

According to the president of the Poultry Association of Nigeria Dr Ayoola Odutan while the local demand for frozen chicken is above two million metric tonnes annually, Nigerian farmers are only able to produce 300,000 metric tonnes, leaving a wide gap of more than 1.7 million metric tonne. “Out of this figure, smuggled chicken accounts for 1.2 million metric tonnes annually.”

You need to learn to learn the poultry farming business in order to meet this ever increasing demand.

Factors responsible for the remarkable growth of the poultry industry are:

  1. The increasing demands for eggs and poultry meat.
  2. Poultry farming is a relatively profitable enterprise when compared with other agriculture business.

Setbacks to the rapid growth of the chicken industry in Nigeria include:

  1. High cost of inputs,
  2. Power outages,
  3. Diseases,


There are a few points you should bear in mind before you start a poultry farming business.

  1. Poultry Type/ Breeds

Knowing the choice of poultry type and the breed is a key factor you need to put into consideration before opening a poultry farm. Poultry types include ducks, geese, chicken, guinea fowl, turkey, quail, and Ostrich. Breeds include egg laying breed, meat production breed, or both. It is advisable to choose the poultry type and breed according to your farming skill level. According to research, chicken is one of the safest to venture into as a starter.

  1. Location/hazards

The Location of your poultry farm is very important to its growth and its success. The location is associated with environmental conditions like rainfall, sunshine, topography, and vegetation, etc. Your poultry farm should be situated in an area which is not exposed to extreme climatic conditions. Environmental hazards determine the kind of habitat to raise a poultry farm.

Hazards also include thieves, vandals, insects, disease outbreak, pollution, wild animals etc. In terms of location, one that is strategic and close to a target market will be of great advantage.


The history of the hatchery where the birds are being sourced from play significant role in the output/productivity of the birds. Some hatchery produces birds with inherent diseases or birds with low productivity (Low efficiency) in egg production. This will affect the expected output from the investment.

  1. Equipment
  • You should opt for the latest feeding, watering & lighting equipment which will save you extra labour cost.
  1. Target Market

Without a potential market, you can’t supply your poultry products. No business can thrive without a market. Before you venture into poultry business, do a feasibility study on your potential market. Once a market is found, do further research to know if it’s for eggs, meat or both.         

Ask if the market demand is high all year round because this will determine how you breed. Also, put into consideration a backup plan or an alternative marketing strategy/sales plan to rely on in case of an economic glut.


Key Points

  • Over 186 million Nigerians depend on poultry products for daily consumption.
  • There is high demand for poultry products due to the high dependency and a wide gap in supply.
  • Over 100% profit margin within months of doing poultry farming business.
  • Business start-up as low as N20,000

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *